Aeroplane Pilot Kaiwhakahaere Waka Rererangi
Aeroplane pilots fly planes that transport people and goods, or spread fertiliser or bait.
Aeroplane pilots may do some or all of the following:
- prepare or check flight plans
- do pre-flight checks of weather forecasts and the plane's load, fuel and equipment
- calculate the amount of fuel needed for flights
- programme flight management systems
- liaise with air traffic control
- navigate and fly the plane to its destination
- write flight reports and keep a flight log
- greet passengers and assist them if necessary.
Agricultural pilots may also:
- consult with customers about chemicals and fertiliser
- calculate the amount and cost of chemicals or fertiliser
- apply chemicals or fertiliser to farm land and keep records.
To become an aircraft captain of a plane that needs a co-pilot, you must also have an Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL).
Aeroplane pilots need to have:
- good hearing and eyesight (with or without corrective lenses)
- good reflexes and co-ordination
- a good level of fitness and health, as they must pass a medical exam every year.
Useful experience for aeroplane pilots includes:
- aviation industry work
- aircraft engineer work
- loader/driver work
- work with navigational and radio equipment
- customer service.
Aeroplane pilots need to be:
- good at planning, thinking logically and following procedures
- excellent at working under pressure
- able to make quick, sound decisions
- good leaders
- skilled communicators
- able to relate to people from a range of cultures and backgrounds
- good at record-keeping.
Aeroplane pilots need to have:
- excellent flying skills
- knowledge of flight theory and flight planning
- skill in interpreting flight plans, weather information and navigation data
- knowledge of aircraft systems
- understanding of aviation laws
- knowledge of safety rules and emergency procedures.
Agricultural pilots also need to have:
- knowledge of different types of farming, and the chemicals and fertilisers farmers use
- an understanding of Health and Safety at Work (Hazardous Substances) Regulations, and the Resource Management Act
- knowledge of air and water quality plans (to avoid pollution) and industry codes of practice.
- work irregular hours. Some pilots do shift work, and agricultural pilots may do seasonal work
- work in airports and aeroplane cockpits
- work in conditions that may be noisy, and can be uncomfortable in bad weather
- travel within New Zealand or internationally.
NCEA Level 3 is required to enter tertiary training. Useful subjects include English, maths and physics.
Flying experience at aero clubs
If you are between 12 and 18 years old, you can apply for the Young Eagles flying experience programme, run through local aero clubs.
Newly qualified aeroplane pilots often complete further training to work as flying instructors. This means they can build up enough flying hours to apply for work at an airline.
Aeroplane pilots can specialise in a number of roles, including:
- Agricultural Pilot
- Agricultural pilots fly aircraft to apply chemicals or fertiliser to farmland. They may fly fixed-wing aircraft or helicopters.
- Charter Pilot
- Charter pilots fly tourist or air ambulance services, or provide services such as aerial photography or land surveying.
Years Of Training2-3 years of training required.
Commercial aeroplane pilots
To become a commercial aeroplane pilot you need a Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL). To get this you need to:
- hold a Private Pilot Licence (PPL)
- complete at least 200 hours of flying
- pass a Class 1 medical exam, written exams, an English language test, and a flying test
- satisfy the Civil Aviation Authority's fit and proper person requirements – for example, by showing you don’t have serious convictions.
The CPL enables you to fly small planes such as those used for scenic and charter flights.
- Civil Aviation Authority website - how to be a pilot (PDF - 607KB)
- Air New Zealand Academy of Learning website - flight training organisations preferred by Air New Zealand
You can gain your CPL as part of completing either of the following qualifications:
- New Zealand Diploma in Aviation – Aeroplane and Helicopter (Level 6) with strands in airline preparation and flight instruction.
- Massey University's Bachelor of Aviation.
You need to pass the ADAPT pre-pilot screening test and attend a selection interview to enter these courses.
- Information on New Zealand Diploma in Aviation - Aeroplane and Helicopter (Level 6) courses
- Massey University website - Bachelor of Aviation information
- ServiceIQ website - information about the ADAPT pre-pilot test
In addition to a CPL, flight instructors need a Flight Instructor Rating (C Category).
In addition to a CPL, airline pilots on turboprop (propellor) planes and jet aircraft need:
- a Multi-engine Instrument Rating (which allows you to fly in cloud)
- at least 500 hours of flying time (though the number of hours required can change from year to year).
To become a military pilot, you need to join the Royal NZ Air Force and complete their training.